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Immunological and pathological investigations in equine experimental uveitis.

Eysines – mechentel news – The pathogenic mechanism of equine recurrent uveitis (ERU) is still poorly defined and many variations between experimentalanimal models and spontaneous disease exist. The aim of our study was to investigate if Th17 cell-mediated response plays role in the pathogenesis of the used experimentalmodel in horses and to reveal its pathological findings. Experimental uveitis was induced in 6 healthy horses. The concentrations of retinal autoantigen CRALBP and IL-17 were measured using ELISA in aqueous humor and vitreous body of the 12 inflamed eyes as well as in 12 control non-inflamed eyes taken from 6 horses in slaughter house. After centrifugation of the two eye media, smears were prepared and cytological investigation was performed. Tissue specimens were taken from all eye globes and were submitted to histopathological investigation. CRALBP and IL-17 concentrations were significantly elevated in eye media of horses with experimental uveitis in comparison with controls. Cytological and histopathological findings corresponded to the changes characteristic of chronic immune-mediated inflammation with mononuclear cell infiltration of uvea, choroid, retina, and eye media as well as severe retinal destruction. Our study demonstrated the involvement of the retinal autoantigen CRALBP as well as IL-17 in the pathogenesis ofexperimental uveitis in horses. These findings suggests that this experimental uveitis in horses may serve as a suitable animal model for investigation of IL-17- mediated immune response during spontaneous autoimmune uveitis in horses as well as in humans. (pubmed, mm)

Autors: Simeonova GP, Krastev SZ, Simeonov RS. Correspondence Galina P. Simeonova, Department of Veterinary Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria. Electronic address: galinavet@abv.bg. Study Immunological and pathological investigations in equine experimental uveitis. Sources: Vet Res Commun. 2016 Jun 25. [Epub ahead of print]. Web: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11259-016-9659-4.

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