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Effect of Eye Drops Containing Disulfiram and Low-Substituted Methylcellulose in Reducing Intraocular Pressure in Rabbit Models

Higashi-Osaka- mechentel news – The study of N. Nagai et al. at the Faculty of Pharmacy of Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Japan, attempted to develop anti-glaucoma eye drops using 0.5% disulfiram (DSF), 5% 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin, 0.1% hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, and 2% methylcellulose (MC) (DSF eye drops with MC), and tested the ability of a DSF eye drops with MC to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) in rabbit models.Elevated IOP was induced by the rapid infusion of 5% glucose solution (15 ml/kg of body weight) through the marginal ear vein or by keeping rabbits in the dark for 5 h. IOP and the nitric oxide (NO) level in the aqueous humor were measured with an electronic tonometer and by a microdialysis method, respectively. ΔIOP and ΔNO values were analyzed as the differences in IOP and NO in rabbits instilled with saline or eye drops, respectively. Increased IOP in rabbit models was reduced by the instillation of DSF eye drops with or without MC, and a close relationship was observed between IOP and NO levels in rabbit receiving a rapid infusion of isotonic glucose. We present kinetic parameters [secondary AUC (prolonged drug effect) and secondary MRT (prolonged effective time)] analyzed as the area under the curve (AUC) of ΔIOP or ΔNO versus time using rabbits instilled with eye drops 10, 50, or 90 min prior to the infusion of the isotonic glucose solution. The elevations in IOP and NO level were reduced by the instillation of DSF eye drops with or without MC; the addition of MC increased the secondary AUC and MRT of DSF eye drops. The authors conclude in the journal Current Eye Research in the october 2014 issue that the present study demonstrates that 0.5% DSF eye drops suppress increased IOP in rabbit models, probably by inhibiting the elevation in NO levels. In addition, the authors propose a kinetic analysis method to predict drug effects and effective time. They reason that these findings suggest that a low-substituted MC-based drug delivery system promotes drug effectiveness and effective time.(bst)

Autoren: Gaub BM, Berry MH, Holt AE, Reiner A, Kienzler MA, Dolgova N, Nikonov S, Aguirre GD, Beltran WA, Flannery JG, Isacoff EY. Korrespondenz: Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, and. Studie: Restoration of visual function by expression of a light-gated mammalian ion channel in retinal ganglion cells or ON-bipolar cells. Quelle: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Dec 23;111(51):E5574-83. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1414162111. www.pnas.org/content/111/51/E5574.long

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