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Utility of antigen testing for the diagnosis of ocular histoplasmosis in four cats: a case series and literaturereview.

Stillwater – mechentel news – This case series describes the clinical utility of antigen testing for the diagnosis of feline ocular histoplasmosis. Fourcats with suspected (n = 2) or confirmed (n = 2) ocular histoplasmosis are described: three from Oklahoma and one from California. In one case, serial urine antigen tests, as well as a serum antigen test for Histoplasma capsulatum, were negative; however, light microscopy identified microorganisms consistent with H capsulatum in ocular tissues at necropsy. In a further two cats with recurrent ocular histoplasmosis following long-term systemic antifungal therapy, Histoplasma species urine antigen concentrations were negative, but both cats improved clinically following systemic antifungal therapy and remained in apparent clinical remission after treatment cessation (9-16 months). The final cat displayed profound bilateral endophthalmitis; however, Histoplasma species antigen testing of vitreous humor and subretinal fluid from the left eye was negative. Intralesional organisms were detected on histopathology of both eyes, and H capsulatum was subsequently isolated and sequenced from tissue of one eye. These cases highlight the potential difficulty in definitively diagnosing ocular histoplasmosis in catswhen conducting antigen testing of serum, urine and even ocular fluids. Although antigen testing has previously proven useful in the diagnosis of disseminated feline histoplasmosis, it may not be adequate in cats with only ocular signs. (pubmed, mm)

Autors: Smith KM, Strom AR, Gilmour MA, LaDouceur E, Reilly CM, Byrne BA, Affolter VK, Sykes JE, Maggs DJ. Correspondence: Kathryn M Smith DVM, PhD, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, 1 BVMTH, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA. Electronic address: Study: Utility of antigen testing for the diagnosis of ocular histoplasmosis in four cats: a case series and literature review. Sources: J Feline Med Surg. 2016 Aug 15. pii: 1098612X16662310. [Epub ahead of print]. Web: